The health condition of the placenta is an important factor during a woman's pregnancy. Being aware of the common placental disorders and how to prevent them can make a big difference for the baby's health.
The placenta provides the fetus with oxygen and nutrients and filters the fetal waste inside the mother's womb, so any disorder regarding the placenta could pose dangerous effects on the baby. Here are some of the most common, but dangerous placental disorders and the different ways to prevent them.
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1. Placenta Previa
"Placenta previa is a condition in which the placenta attaches to the wall of the uterus very low down," Medical News Today shared. This can result in placental tear, fetal infection, bleeding, contractions and preterm labor. This complication can resolve itself during the pregnancy, but a cesarean section might be necessary if it does not.
2. Placental Abruption
One of the most fatal placental disorders is placental abruption. "Placental abruption occurs when the placenta separates from the uterus during pregnancy," Medical News Today explained.
This can lead to nutrient deprivation of the fetus, which can then result in abnormal fetal growth and development, premature birth and stillbirth. Some of the symptoms of placental abruption include vaginal bleeding, uterine or abdominal pain, contractions and abnormal fetal heart rate.
The risk of placental abruption can be decreased by avoiding abdomen trauma, smoking and taking cocaine. Maintaining a normal blood pressure level can also help prevent this pregnancy complication.
Preeclampsia causes high blood pressure during pregnancy, excessive weight gain, headaches and edema. This dangerous pregnancy complication can be life-threatening if left untreated.
Preeclampsia can also result in cerebral palsy and learning disabilities in babies. "One study shows that eating food bars containing the amino acid L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins lowered the risk of preeclampsia in high-risk women," WebMD reported.
Have you experienced any of these dangerous placental disorders? Share your experiences in the comments section below.
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