Winter Is The Most Dangerous Season For Children: Higher Risk Of Chronic Bronchitis & Pneumonia Feared
Children need extra attention and care during winter months. This particular season increases kids' risk of developing cold and flu that can lead to more serious respiratory problems.
Experts found that flu-related diseases have been found among children and babies in hospitals during winter months, SAMAA reported. Dr. Nisar Rao, a consultant chest physician, told parents and guardians to take "special precautionary measures" for their children in winter season. During this period, kids' weak immune system makes them susceptible against diseases.
Breastfeeding can help babies have stronger immune systems against seasonal diseases. Rao also advised parents against overheating children in winter and instead put them in sweaters and warm clothes. Overheating children in cold weather can be a possible cause of SIDS or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, according to Georgia's Department of Human Services.
Cold and flu in children caused by the winter season can lead to chronic bronchitis and lower respiratory tract infection such as pneumonia. Chronic bronchitis is characterized by coughing and difficulty breathing, with the inflamed bronchial tubes producing plenty of mucus.
Some of pneumonia's symptoms are fever, shaking chills, shortness of breath, sharp or stabbing chest pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, and coughing (can be bloody mucus and greenish or yellow), the American Lung Association listed. Climate transitions usually trigger different types of infections among humans. High levels of pollution in the air can also increase people's risk of developing breathing problems.
Norovirus and acute ear infections easily spread in winter as well. Norovirus causes the stomach or intestines to get inflamed, leading to nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting, the CDC listed. Asthma, sore throat, and cold sores are also triggered or aggravated by cold weather.
Washing the hands regularly can help prevent colds, the NHS advised. Proper washing of hands can kill bugs or germs that a person picked up from surfaces used by other people carrying the virus.
The best method against contracting flu is by getting the flu jab or flu nasal spray, which is recommended for children with ages between two and 18. The flu vaccine protects kids against flu for a year.
It's important to stay well and warm in the winter, especially in places with extremely cold weather. The NHS advised to drink regular hot drinks and eat at least one hot meal every day. Regular consumption of food in winter days can keep a person's energy levels up. Also, drawing curtains and keeping doors closed are a must to prevent draughts from entering the house.