You and your husband might be aware of cervical cancer signs you have to look out for, but should you worry if you bleed after sex?
Cervical cancer, which is usually caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), occurs in the lower part of the uterus connected to the vagina. When you experience bleeding after sex, it might mean that you have to seek your doctor to get your cervix checked.
What are the signs of cervical cancer?
According to Cancer Research UK, abnormal vaginal bleeding could be a sign of cervical cancer. Bleeding between periods or anytime after your menopause is a cause of concern. You should also worry if you bleed during or after sex.
Observing vaginal discharge that has an unpleasant smell or experiencing pain during sex could also be signs. Look out for pain in the area between the hip bones or pelvis as well.
What causes cervical cancer?
According to Eve Appeal charity, almost all cervical cancers are caused by HPV. About 80 percent of people would be infected with the common sexually transmitted disease at some point in their lives, the charity emphasized.
The body's immune system would usually clear up the infection without treatments. Over 100 different types of HPV could spread through skin-to-skin sexual contact.
Who are at risk of cervical cancer?
Everyone with a cervix is at risk of cervical cancer. These include women and trans men who did not undergo total hysterectomy. Eve Appeal noted that those who smoke have two times the risk of developing cervical cancer than those who do not.
Smoking makes it difficult to clear an HPV infection. People on immunosuppressive drugs are also at risk of getting infected.
The NHS notes that smear tests help monitor and prevent the development of cancer. Cells in the cervix are being checked during the physical examination for high-risk types of HPV. They check any abnormal cells from a small sample from the cervix. After about two weeks, people may receive the test results through a letter.
How to make relationships work after cervical cancer diagnosis
A difficult situation affects relationships with partners. Here are ways to help you and your partner cope with the situation.
Mutual support is extremely helpful during times when a partner is diagnosed with cervical cancer. Seek the help and support of your partner for times when you are feeling low and worried. It helps if you understand one another and know each other's needs.
Know that cervical cancer could also affect your fertility. Stress and treatment could affect a woman's body, so it is essential to be ready if you plan to expand your family. Couples are also advised to focus on other things and keep things positive.
Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust shares that it helps if the couple is adaptable because it could allow them to relax and even have fun while facing the situation.
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